Megan Daily writing for MD reported a small Montreal study shows children and in some cases even the family dog play a part in recurrent hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infections continued spread in the community.
“Our research suggests that household transmission from patients with C. difficile infection could be responsible for a bacterial reservoir for community-associated cases,” said lead author Vivan Loo, McGill University professor, infectious disease specialist and medical microbiologist at the McGill University Health Centre and investigator at its Research Institute.
C Diff Spread By Household Members Including Pets
Published in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology “Household Transmission of clostridium difficile to family members and domestic pets” followed 51 patients treated for C. difficile infection in hospital or outpatient settings. Researchers made home visits on a monthly basis and took stool samples from the entire household, including any domestic animals.
The results revealed 13.4 percent of the 67 human household contacts had C. difficile isolated from their stool or rectal samples. One adult household member had diarrhea and the remaining 8 were asymptomatically colonized. Sixty-six percent of those colonized were younger than five years old, including five in diapers.
More than a quarter (26.7 percent) of the 15 domestic pets were asymptomatic carriers of the bacterium, as well.
The study concluded that pets can be reservoirs for re-infection or transmission of C. difficile whose spores can persist in the environment for months and spread through the air with as little effort as it takes to shake out a blanket when changing a patients sheets.
More American Adults Used Prescription Pain Medications Than Tobacco Products Last Year, Report Shows
Christopher Ingraham writing in the Washington Post reported more American adults used prescription pain medications than tobacco products last year, according to a new report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The report found that 38 percent of US adults used prescription pain medications last year.
Comment: Prescription pain killer drugs are the perilous road to opioid addiction.
A popular method of relaxation is deadly. Found out which one next
Watching TV Longer Increases Risk Of Fatal Blood Clot, Study Finds
Nicholas Bakalar writing in the New York times reported a new study published in the journal Circulation by Japanese researchers analyzing “86,024 generally healthy people who filled out questionnaires with items about health and lifestyle, including time spent watching television,” found that more time watching television increases the risk for a fatal blood clot. Researchers estimated that, after adjusting for other factors, “watching for two and a half to five hours increased the risk for a fatal clot by 70 percent, and watching more than five hours increased the risk by 250 percent,” compared to watching for less than two and half hours each day.
Comment: Better grab that remote, turn the TV off and get moving…
Cell Therapy Uses Genetically Redesigned T-Cells To Fight Some Types Of Cancer
Andrew Pollack writing in the New York Times reported in 4,400-word feature piece as part of its “Cell Wars” series on immunotherapy, on the technique of cell therapy, which extracts T-cells from a patient’s blood, which are “then genetically engineered to recognize and destroy cancer.” The “souped-up” cells are “multiplied in the laboratory, and millions or billions of them are put back into the patient’s bloodstream.” Each killer cell, which are “genetically engineered to produce a complex protein,” can destroy up to 100,000 cancer cells. Cell therapy has only treated a few hundred patients, and for “now it works only for certain types of blood cancers, not common malignancies like breast and lung cancer.” However, the technique has “produced complete remissions in some patients who were out of treatment options,” exciting physicians and patients “and setting off a race among companies to bring the treatments to market.”
Comment: Maybe we can’t get away from using those horrendous chemotherapies we now use.
This next item falls into the , “Duh…. No kidding” category…
Americans heavier than they were two decades years ago, report says
Alexandra Sifferlin writing in Time reported the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics found that US men and women “weigh about 15 pounds more than they did 20 years ago.” According to the report, the average 5’9” man now weighs 195.7 pounds and the average 5’4” woman weighs 168.5 pounds. Time noted “men and women’s heights were about the same two decades ago.” The study also found that average 11-year-old boys and girls now weigh about 13 and 7 pounds more, respectively, in comparison to 1988-94. Boys have grown about an inch on average since then, while girls this age have remained the same height.
Comment: Overseas, Americans are referred to as the Porkus Americanus species.