Forty Million Americans Have Some Hearing Loss Due To Noise, CDC Says
Lenny Bernstein writing in the Washington Post reported the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated that “forty million American adults have lost some hearing because of noise, and half of them suffered the damage outside the workplace, from everyday exposure to leaf blowers, sirens, rock concerts and other loud sounds.” Researchers found that “24 percent of adults had ‘audiometric notches’ – a deterioration in the softest sound a person can hear – in one or both ears.” The data “came from 3,583 people who had undergone hearing tests and reported the results in the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).”
Group Recommends Delaying Umbilical Cord Clamping After Healthy Deliveries
Lauren Neergard reporting for the AP wrote the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists released new guidelines recommending that the umbilical cord not be cut for “at least 30 seconds to 60 seconds after birth” for all healthy infants. The AP points out that “it’s common in the U.S. for” physicians “to cut the cord almost immediately, within 15 to 20 seconds of birth, unless the baby is premature.”
Comment: There are quite a few Millennials out there who are still attached to their umbilical cords.
Case Studies Underscore Ophthalmology’s Concerns About Eyeball Tattoos
Dava Stewart writing in MD reported because eyeball tattoos are not performed by ophthalmologists, experts are concerned about their many short-term risks, and warn that the long term risks could include permanent damage, according to the authors of two recent case studies. Published in American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports, two new case studies demonstrate the risks that go along with what the authors call this “relatively new extreme body modification.”
The two case studies are both of Mexican men, one 26 years old and the second 17. Both developed complications after having an eyeball tattoo. The authors say that the cosmetic procedure “involves injecting some type of pigment directly under the bulbar conjunctiva with a needle.”
The authors list multiple risks involved in eyeball tattoos: globe penetration, endophthalmitis, retinal detachment, traumatic cataract, a severe ocular inflammatory reaction, blindness due to ocular inflammation, as well as increased severity of uveitis. They conclude by suggesting, “Regulations prohibiting the practice of these procedures are required, because despite warnings of multiple health risks, more people are looking to get this procedure nowadays.”
The two case studies were written by Gonzalo Duarte of the Eye Clinic for Inflammatory Diseases at the Dr. Luis Sanchez Bulnes Hospital, and colleagues.
Comment: Hmmmm. What some people will do to their bodies….
Patients with Parkinson’s Disease Are at Risk for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Dr. Lara Pullen writing in the Rheumatologist reported patients with carpal tunnel syndrome experience pain, numbness and tingling that can be characterized as an upper limb neuropathy. CTS is more common in women, with a female to male ratio of 3:1. Various studies have described the incidence of CTS in the general population as between 2.5 and 5 cases per 1,000 person years.
Individuals with Parkinson’s disease may be especially vulnerable to CTS. One study suggests that patients with Parkinson’s may be at increased risk of CTS because of the repetitive movement due to tremor.2 Others have noted the peripheral neuropathy that is associated with Parkinson’s and wondered whether peripheral neuropathy is intrinsic to Parkinson’s, a consequence of levodopa exposure or both.3 A body of evidence suggests that a form of small fiber neuropathy is intrinsic to Parkinson’s, and thus, experts have suggested that patients with early and advanced Parkinson’s be strictly monitored for subtle signs of neuropathy.
Immunotherapy Drugs Sometimes Cause Immune Response Against Healthy Organs
Matt Richtel writing for the New York Times reported that “immunotherapy drugs have been hailed as a breakthrough in cancer treatment.” However, “as their use grows,” physicians are finding that “an unleashed immune system can attack healthy, vital organs: notably the bowel, the liver and the lungs, but also the kidneys, the adrenal and pituitary glands, the pancreas and, in rare cases, the heart.” Physicians “at Yale believe immunotherapy is causing a new type of acute-onset diabetes, with at least 17 cases there so far.”
Comment: All effective therapies have potential side effects so I’m not surprised.