Elderly women are three times more likely to fracture hip than male peers, study suggests
Shereen Lehman writing for Reuters reported elderly women are three times more likely to fracture a hip than their male counterparts, according to a study conducted by Spanish researchers that was published in Maturitas. The researchers found that depression and illiteracy increased the risk of fracture for elderly women, while disability and smoking increased the risk of fracture for elderly men. The article mentions the “National Institutes of Health warns that being underweight is a risk factor for poor bone health.”
Comment: There are multiple risk factors for women to consider and know about.
Fish Oil Use During Pregnancy Linked To Lower Asthma Risk In Kids
Denise Grady writing for the New York Times reported that research indicated “women who took fish oil during the last three months of pregnancy significantly” reduced the likelihood “that their children would develop asthma.” The findings were published in The New England Journal of Medicine.
Comment: dietary fish oil has multiple benefits and this is another one.
Reported in Unavadis, a large study of Swedish health registry data indicates that lymphoma risk remains elevated among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), despite evolution of treatment. Treatment advances for RA do not appear to have affected lymphoma risk. Records from 12,656 patients with RA from the Swedish Rheumatology Register linked to Swedish Cancer Register were compared with control patients for lymphoma incidence over time.
Comment: Disturbing since I would expect our newer treatments to decrease lymphoma risk.
Patients with Parkinson’s Disease Are at Risk for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Dr. Lara Pullen writing in the Rheumatologist reported patients with carpal tunnel syndrome experience pain, numbness and tingling that can be characterized as an upper limb neuropathy. CTS is more common in women, with a female to male ratio of 3:1. Various studies have described the incidence of CTS in the general population as between 2.5 and 5 cases per 1,000 person years.
Individuals with Parkinson’s disease may be especially vulnerable to CTS. One study suggests that patients with Parkinson’s may be at increased risk of CTS because of the repetitive movement due to tremor.2 Others have noted the peripheral neuropathy that is associated with Parkinson’s and wondered whether peripheral neuropathy is intrinsic to Parkinson’s, a consequence of levodopa exposure or both.3 A body of evidence suggests that a form of small fiber neuropathy is intrinsic to Parkinson’s, and thus, experts have suggested that patients with early and advanced Parkinson’s be strictly monitored for subtle signs of neuropathy.
Immunotherapy Drugs Sometimes Cause Immune Response Against Healthy Organs
Matt Richtel writing for the New York Times reported that “immunotherapy drugs have been hailed as a breakthrough in cancer treatment.” However, “as their use grows,” physicians are finding that “an unleashed immune system can attack healthy, vital organs: notably the bowel, the liver and the lungs, but also the kidneys, the adrenal and pituitary glands, the pancreas and, in rare cases, the heart.” Physicians “at Yale believe immunotherapy is causing a new type of acute-onset diabetes, with at least 17 cases there so far.”
Comment: All effective therapies have potential side effects so I’m not surprised.