Hip Fractures Increase Death Risk

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Hip Fracture Associated With Increased Death Risk.

Amanda Macmillan reported on CNN that study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, showed “women age 65 and older who fracture a hip are much more likely to die from any cause during the following year than they would be if they had avoided injury” and “the increased risk of death associated with hip fractures was especially dramatic among younger women.” AFP also reported the study and quoted lead author Erin LeBlanc, “This study is a wake-up call that the first year after a hip fracture is a critical time for all elderly women, but especially for younger women, ages 65-69, who face a much higher death rate compared to their peers.”

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Gout footwear worsens disease

A study from New Zealand reported by Mary Ann Moon in Rheumatology News demonstrated that 42 % of gout patient shoes lacked support, 96% had inadequate cushioning, 74% had inadequate heel stiffness, 50 percent had inadequate mid-foot stability, and most showed excessive wear.  Keith Rome, lead author, suggested that footwear be considered in the management plan of patients with gout.

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Ridding body of old cells delays aging

Mary Marcus writing in Healthday reported a Mayo clinic study where “ scientists came up with a way to eliminate “senescent” cells – old cells that stop working properly but still stick around the body, damaging healthy tissues, explained study author Dr. Jan van Deursen, a professor of pediatrics, molecular biology and biochemistry at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN.  The elimination was accomplished by using a drug to activate p16, a gene that is more highly expressed in older cells, in such a way that triggers a “‘suicide gene’ within senescent cells.” The mice who received the drug “kept age-related problems at bay, including cataracts and loss of muscle mass and strength” as well as “spinal arthritis.” The treated mice also had a “considerably higher” activity level. Researchers emphasize that “the research is early and has not yet moved into experiments in humans” but say the ultimate question is whether removing senescent cells can “delay cancer, dementias, atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity and its complications as a group.”

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Exercise May Relieve Pain Of Knee Osteoarthritis.

Jeannine Stein writing in the Los Angeles Times reported a study published in Arthritis & Rheumatism in which researchers found that obese mice with elevated blood sugar and knee osteoarthritis decreased their knee inflammation and glucose levels by exercise, although they did not lose weight and did not change their diet.  Researchers say that this suggests that even though “pain can be a barrier to starting exercise,” in the long term, it’s better for the patient.

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Exercise May Prevent Bone Loss In Some Breast Cancer Patients.

Chloe McIvor writing in Medwire reported that according to a study in Osteoporosis International, “exercise could help prevent bone loss experienced by patients who have undergone breast cancer treatment.” For the study, researchers assigned 498 patients “newly diagnosed with breast cancer” to either an exercise or a control group. After one year, it was found that “the exercise group experienced a mean decrease in BMD of just 0.002 g/cm2, whereas in the control group BMD decreased significantly.”

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